Prostate cancer can grow slowly. It is possible that treatment can be delayed or that treatment may not be needed. In these cases, active surveillance is used. You and your doctor will monitor for new symptoms, changes in symptoms, or signs of disease progression.

When needed, the goal of treatment is to remove as much of the cancer as possible, while preserving urinary and sexual function. Additional treatment may help to prevent the spread or recurrence of cancer. The treatment plan will often include a combination of approaches based on the characteristics of the cancer, patient's age, general health, and prognosis. Comfort measures can be provided if prostate cancer is in advanced stages.

The healthcare team will be made up of a variety of health professionals including doctors, surgeons, nurses, and pharmacists. It is important to maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to recommended treatment, and go to any recommended appointments for the best outcomes possible.

Prostate cancer treatment includes:

Other treatmentsSurgeryRadiation therapyMedications—Hormonal therapyChemotherapyLifestyle changes

Existing treatment protocols have been established and continue to be modified through clinical trials. These research studies are essential to determine whether or not new treatments are both safe and effective. Since highly effective treatments for many cancers remain unknown, numerous clinical trials are always underway around the world. You may wish to ask your doctor about participating in a clinical trial. You can find out about clinical trials at the US National Institutes of Health website.

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