- Stroke (the most common cause)
- Severe blow to the head
- Gunshot wound
- Other traumatic head injury
- Brain tumor
- Brain infection
- Neurodegenerative disorders
- Other brain conditions
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- Middle-to-older age
- Family history of aphasia
- Prior history of transient ischemic attacks (TIA)—also called mini-strokes
- Speaking in short, fragmented phrases
- Putting words in the wrong order
- Using incorrect grammar
- Switching sounds or words
- Speaking in nonsense
- Anomia (word-finding problems; words "on the tip of the tongue")
Problems understanding oral language
- Needing extra time to process language
- Difficulty following very fast speech
- Taking the literal meaning of a figure of speech
- Problems reading
- Problems writing
- Evaluation of speech
- Assessment of the strength and coordination of the speech muscles
- Vocabulary and grammar tests
- Comprehension tests
- Reading and writing tests
- Swallowing tests
- Neuropsychological tests
- Blood tests
- MRI scan —a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the head
- CT scan —an x-ray that uses a computer to make images of structures inside the head
- Electroencephalogram (EEG) —a test that records brain activity by measuring electrical currents through the brain. This test may be done in some situations.
- Cerebrospinal fluid analysis —a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the lower back
- Treating the underlying cause of aphasia
- Aphasia symptoms
- Use your remaining communication abilities
- Restore lost abilities
- Learn to compensate for language problems
- Learn other methods of communicating.
- Exercise regularly
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Limit dietary salt and fat
- Stop smoking
- If you drink, do so in moderation.
- Maintain an healthy weight
- Monitor and control your blood pressure
- Consider taking low-dose aspirin, if your physician recommends you do so.
- Keep existing conditions, such as diabetes and high cholesterol , under control.
- Seek immediate medical help if you experience symptoms of a stroke
Brain Injury Association of America http://www.biausa.org
National Aphasia Association http://www.aphasia.org
Aphasia Institute http://www.aphasia.ca
York-Durham Aphasia Centre http://www.ydac.on.ca
Aphasia. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Aphasia%5Finfo.htm. . Accessed September 4, 2012.
Aphasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated September 2, 2012. Accessed September 4, 2012.
Aphasia. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/pages/aphasia.aspx . Accessed September 4, 2012.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/11/2012 -