Uses of Hypnotherapy
What Is the Scientific Evidence for Hypnotherapy?
The Possible Benefits of Hypnotherapy
- Burn injury (reducing pain) 8
- Hay fever25
- Labor and delivery , other gynecologic procedures 28
- Nocturnal enuresis23
- Chest pain of unknown cause (unrelated to the heart) 26
- Peptic ulcers15
- Pain associated with diagnostic procedures 31
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome32
- Tension headache and other forms of headache
- Vertigo and headache caused by head injury24
What to Expect in a Hypnotherapy Session
How to Choose a Hypnotherapist
1 Montgomery GH, David D, Winkel G, et al. The effectiveness of adjunctive hypnosis with surgical patients: a meta-analysis. Anesth Analg . 2002;94:1639-1645.
2 Zeltzer L, LeBaron S. Hypnosis and nonhypnotic techniques for reduction of pain and anxiety during painful procedures in children and adolescents with cancer. J Pediatr . 1982;101:1032-1035.
3 Zeltzer LK, Dolgin MJ, LeBaron S, et al. A randomized, controlled study of behavioral intervention for chemotherapy distress in children with cancer. Pediatrics . 1991;88:34-42.
4 Syrjala KL, Cummings C, Donaldson GW. Hypnosis or cognitive behavioral training for the reduction of pain and nausea during cancer treatment: a controlled clinical trial. Pain . 1992;48:137-146.
5 Spanos NP, Stenstrom RJ, Johnston JC. Hypnosis, placebo, and suggestion in the treatment of warts. Psychosom Med . 1988;50:245-260.
6 Spanos NP, Williams V, Gwynn MI. Effects of hypnotic, placebo, and salicylic acid treatments on wart regression. Psychosom Med . 1990;52:109-114.
7 Hackman RM, Stern JS, Gershwin ME. Hypnosis and asthma: a critical review. J Asthma . 2000;37:1-15.
8 Patterson DR, Ptacek JT. Baseline pain as a moderator of hypnotic analgesia for burn injury treatment. J Consult Clin Psychol . 1997;65:60-67.
9 Haanen HC, Hoenderdos HT, van Romunde LK, et al. Controlled trial of hypnotherapy in the treatment of refractory fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol . 1991;18:72-75.
10 Whorwell PJ. Use of hypnotherapy in gastrointestinal disease. Br J Hosp Med. 1991;45:27-29.
11 Martin AA, Schauble PG, Rai SH, et al. The effects of hypnosis on the labor processes and birth outcomes of pregnant adolescents. J Fam Pract. 2001;50:441-443.
12 Freeman RM, Macaulay AJ, Eve L, et al. Randomised trial of self hypnosis for analgesia in labour. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) . 1986;292:657-658.
13 Jenkins MW, Pritchard MH. Hypnosis: practical applications and theoretical considerations in normal labour. Br J Obstet Gynaecol . 1993;100:221-226.
14 Brann LR, Guzvica SA. Comparison of hypnosis with conventional relaxation for antenatal and intrapartum use: a feasibility study in general practice. J R Coll Gen Pract . 1987;37:437-440.
15 Whorwell PJ. Use of hypnotherapy in gastrointestinal disease. Br J Hosp Med . 1991;45:27-29.
16 Zachariae R, Oster H, Bjerring P, et al. Effects of psychologic intervention on psoriasis: a preliminary report. J Am Acad Dermatol . 1996;34:1008-1015.
17 Abbot NC, Stead LF, White AR. Hypnotherapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000;(2):CD001008.
18 ter Kuile MM, Spinhoven P, Linssen AC, et al. Autogenic training and cognitive self-hypnosis for the treatment of recurrent headaches in three different subject groups. Pain . 1994;58:331-340.
19 Spinhoven P, Linssen AC, Van Dyck R, et al. Autogenic training and self-hypnosis in the control of tension headache. Gen Hosp Psychiatry . 1992;14:408-415.
20 Zitman FG, van Dyck R, Spinhoven P, Linssen AC. Hypnosis and autogenic training in the treatment of tension headaches: a two-phase constructive design study with follow-up. J Psychosom Res . 1992;36:219-228
21 Allison DB, Faith MS. Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for obesity: a meta-analytic reappraisal. J Consult Clin Psychol . 1996;64:513-516.
22 Melis PML, Rooimans W, Spierings ELH, et al. Treatment of chronic tension-type headache with hypnotherapy: a single-blind time controlled study. Headache . 1991;31:686-689.
23 Banerjee S, Srivastav A, Palan BM. Hypnosis and self-hypnosis in the management of nocturnal enuresis: a comparative study with imipramine therapy. Am J Clin Hypn . 1993;36:113-119.
24 Cedercreutz C, Lahteenmaki R, Tulikoura J. Hypnotic treatment of headache and vertigo in skull injured patients. Int J Clin Exp Hypn . 1976;24:195-201.
25 Langewitz W, Izakovic J, Wyler J, et al. Effect of self-hypnosis on hay Fever symptoms: a randomised controlled intervention study. Psychother Psychosom . 2005;74:165-172.
26 Jones H, Cooper P, Miller V, et al. Treatment of non cardiac chest pain: a controlled trial of hypnotherapy. Gut . 2006 Apr 20. [Epub ahead of print]
27 Richardson J, Smith JE, McCall G, et al. Hypnosis for nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy: a systematic review of the research evidence. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2007;16:402-412.
28 Marc I, Rainville P, Masse B, et al. Hypnotic analgesia intervention during first-trimester pregnancy termination: an open randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Mar 28. [Epub ahead of print]
29 Carmody TP, Duncan C, Simon JA, et al. Hypnosis for smoking cessation: a randomized trial. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008;10:811-818.
30 Elkins G, Marcus J, Stearns V, et al. Randomized trial of a hypnosis intervention for treatment of hot flashes among breast cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Sep 22. [Epub ahead of print]
31 Slack D, Nelson L, Patterson D, et al. The feasibility of hypnotic analgesia in ameliorating pain and anxiety among adults undergoing needle electromyography. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;88:21-29.
32 Abrahamsen R, Baad-Hansen L, Zachariae R, Svensson P. Effect of hypnosis on pain and blink reflexes in patients with painful temporomandibular disorders. Clin J Pain. 2011;27(4):344-351.
33 Lindfors P, Unge P, Arvidsson P, et al. Effects of gut-directed hypnotherapy on IBS in different clinical settings-results from two randomized, controlled trials. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012;107(2):276-285.
34 Vlieger AM, Menko-Frankenhuis C, Wolfkamp SC, Tromp E, Benninga MA. Hypnotherapy for children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology. 2007;133(5):1430-1436.
35 Vlieger AM, Rutten JM, Govers AM, Frankenhuis C, Benninga MA. Long-term follow-up of gut-directed hypnotherapy vs. standard care in children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012;107(4):627-631.
36 Tahiri M, Mottillo S, Joseph L, et al. Alternative smoking cessation aids: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Med. 2012 Jun;125(6):576.
37 Moser G, Trägner S, Gajowniczek EE. Long-term success of GUT-directed group hypnosis for patients with refractory irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013;108(4):602-609.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 07/2012 -
- Update Date: 06/11/2013 -