Iron Supplementation In Babies and Children
What Is Iron?
What Happens When the Body Has Low Iron?
- Decreased energy
- Problems with concentration
- Feeling faint
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
Are Some Children at Higher Risk for Anemia?
How Can I Make Sure My Child Is Getting Enough Iron?
- Liver, beef, poultry, pork, lamb
- Tuna, salmon
- Iron-fortified cereals and breads
- Dried beans, such as limas, soybeans, pinto and kidney beans, split peas, black-eyed peas
- Whole grains, including wheat, millet, oats, and brown rice
- Dried fruits, such as apricots, raisins, prunes, dates, peaches
- Dark green vegetables, including leafy greens like spinach, kale, and collards, as well as broccoli and asparagus
- Blackstrap molasses
Should My Child Be Tested for Anemia?
How Much Iron Does My Child Need?
Age of Child
|7-12 months||11 mg||11 mg|
|1-3 years||7 mg||7 mg|
|4-8 years||10 mg||10 mg|
|9-13 years||8 mg||8 mg|
|14-18 years||15 mg||11 mg|
What Should I Do if My Child Is Anemic?
How Can I Safely Store My Child’s Iron Supplements?
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.aap.org/
United States Department of Agriculture http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usdahome/
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html/
Anemia—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/. Updated September 8, 2011. Accessed April 23, 2012.
Anemia. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/anemia/DS00321/DSECTION=risk-factors . Updated June 2009. Accessed March 11, 2010.
Chantry CJ, Howard CR, Auinger P. Full breastfeeding duration and risk for iron deficiency in U.S. infants. Breastfeed . 2007;2(2):63-73.
Facts about dietary supplements. Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://www.cc.nih.gov/ccc/supplements/iron.html#rda . Accessed October 8, 2003.
Feeding your infant: ages 5-8 months. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated March 2010. Accessed March 11, 2010.
Human nutrition: iron. Ohio State University website. Available at: http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/5559.html . Accessed October 8, 2003.
Iron. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated August 2008. Accessed March 11, 2010.
Iron. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated February 2010. Accessed March 11, 2010.
Iron. Office of Dietary Supplements website. Available at: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-HealthProfessional/. Accessed April 26, 2012.
Iron and iron deficiency. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/vitamins/iron.html#How much . Updated February 23, 2011. Accessed April 23, 2012.
Iron deficiency anemia in infants and children: how to prevent it. American Academy of Family Physicians, Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/children/parents/kidshealthy/nutrition/751.html . Updated February 2010. Accessed March 11, 2010.
Iron needs of babies and children. Caring for Kids website. Available at: http://www.cps.ca/caringforkids/pregnancybabies/ironreq.htm . Updated April 2007. Accessed March 11, 2010.
Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics . 16th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2000: 149-166.
Recommendations to prevent and control iron deficiency in the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr . Accessed October 8, 2003.
10/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Baker R, Greer F, the Committee on Nutrition. Clinical report—diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0-3 years of age). American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/peds.2010-2576v1 . Published October 5, 2010. Accessed October 12, 2010.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 04/2012 -
- Update Date: 04/23/2012 -