(Diabetic Coma; DKA)
- High blood glucose levels (greater than 250 mg per dL)
- Dry mouth and skin
- Urinating often
- Vomiting and nausea
- Severe stomach pain
- Trouble breathing
- Fruity breath odor
- Rapid pulse
- Look for ketones
- Measure blood glucose level
- Check pH levels of the blood
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- Take your insulin as recommended. Always have insulin available. Plan ahead for refills.
- Monitor your blood glucose level as recommended, generally at least 3-4 times per day. Monitor more often when you are sick or you have high blood glucose levels.
- Check for ketones in your urine if you have a high blood glucose reading or are ill.
- Create a sick day plan that may include changes in insulin dose and what to do if you are having trouble eating.
- See your doctor if you have infection, cough, sore throat, or pain when you urinate.
- Contact your doctor.
- Increase your insulin as recommended.
- Eat foods that are low in carbohydrates.
- Drink plenty of fluids (sugar-free and caffeine-free).
- Do not exercise until your glucose is in balance again.
American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org/
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/
Canadian Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.ca/
Team Diabetes Canada Canadian Diabetes Association www.diabetes.ca/
Diabetic ketoacidosis. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/ketoacidosis-dka.html. Accessed June 13, 2013.
Diabetic ketoacidosis. American Family Physician Association website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1705.html. Updated May 1, 2005. Accessed June 13, 2013.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated January 12, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2013.
- Reviewer: Kim Carmichael, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 06/13/2013 -