Brain Tumor and Brain Cancer—Child
- Primary brain cancer—These begin in the brain. They can be either malignant or benign. A small benign tumor in a bad location can cause many problems.
- Secondary or metastatic brain cancer—These tumors have spread to the brain from another site. Metastatic tumors are malignant.
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- A genetic condition (eg, retinoblastoma )
- Being exposed to radiation
- Being exposed to certain chemicals
- A condition that affects the immune system
- Family history of certain types of cancer
- MRI scan —a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the body
- CT scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the body
- PET scan —a test that uses a radioactive substance to view active parts of the brain
- Arteriography —a type of x-ray that uses contrast dye to create pictures of blood vessels in the brain
- Biopsy —removal of a sample of brain tissue to test for cancer cells (may involve a small needle being inserted into the brain or a larger surgery)
- Corticosteroids—to reduce swelling in the brain
- Anticonvulsants—to prevent seizures
- Craniotomy —opening the skull to remove the tumor (or as much of the tumor as possible)
- Placement of a shunt—implanting a long thin tube in the brain to divert built-up fluid to another part of the body
Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
- Physical therapist to help with walking, balance, and building strength
- Occupational therapist to help with life skills (eg, dressing, eating, using the toilet)
- Speech therapy to help with communication and other issues (eg, swallowing difficulties)
American Brain Tumor Association http://www.abta.org/
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org/
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca/
Cancer Care Ontario http://www.cancercare.on.ca/
American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Brain tumors. Neurosurgery Today.org website. Available at: http://www.neurosurgerytoday.org/what/patient%5Fe/brain2.asp . Updated March 2006. Accessed June 30, 2010.
Children’s Hospital Boston. Brain tumors. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site659/mainpageS659P0.html . Accessed June 30, 2010.
Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin. Brain tumors. Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin website. Available at: http://www.chw.org/display/router.asp?DocID=22484#22484%5F8 . Accessed June 30, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Brain tumor. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 22, 2010. Accessed June 30, 2010.
Editorial staff and contributors. PET scan. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated November 9, 2009. Accessed June 30, 2010.
Pediatric brain and spinal cord tumor center. Comer Children’s Hospital, the University of Chicago website. Available at: http://www.uchicagokidshospital.org/specialties/cancer/brain-spinal/index.html . Accessed July 10, 2010.
Wood D. Brain tumor and brain cancer. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated September 30, 2009. Accessed June 30, 2010.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 06/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/60/2012 -