Learn to Recognize & React to Sports Concussion Injuries
Our sports medicine professionals are committed to assisting athletes, parents and coaches in understanding and reacting to sports-related head injuries. We draw on expertise from specialized doctors in different fields—including primary care sports medicine experts and neurologists—to assist in an athlete's full recovery.
- A concussion is a brain injury caused by trauma to the head.
- All concussions are serious.
- Concussions can occur without loss of consciousness.
- Recognition and proper management of concussions when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death.
The following signs and symptoms may indicate that a concussion has occurred.
Coaches observe that the athlete:
- Appears dazed or stunned
- Is confused about assignment
- Forgets plays
- Is unsure of game, score or opponents
- Moves clumsily
- Answers questions slowly
- Loses consciousness
- Shows behavior or personality changes
- Can't recall events prior to or after hit
Symptoms reported by athlete:
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Double or fuzzy vision
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Feeling sluggish
- Feeling foggy or groggy
- Concentration or memory problems
If you suspect a player has experienced a concussion, take the following steps:
- Remove the athlete from play.
- Ensure the athlete is evaluated by an appropriate healthcare professional; do not try to judge the seriousness of the injury yourself.
- Inform the athlete's parents or guardians about the known or possible concussion.
- Allow the athlete to return to play only with permission from an appropriate healthcare professional.