Learn to Recognize & React to Sports Concussion Injuries

Our sports medicine professionals are committed to assisting athletes, parents and coaches in understanding and reacting to sports-related head injuries. We draw on expertise from specialized doctors in different fields—including primary care sports medicine experts and neurologists—to assist in an athlete's full recovery.

  • A concussion is a brain injury caused by trauma to the head.
  • All concussions are serious.
  • Concussions can occur without loss of consciousness.
  • Recognition and proper management of concussions when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death.

The following signs and symptoms may indicate that a concussion has occurred.

Coaches observe that the athlete:

  • Appears dazed or stunned
  • Is confused about assignment
  • Forgets plays
  • Is unsure of game, score or opponents
  • Moves clumsily
  • Answers questions slowly
  • Loses consciousness
  • Shows behavior or personality changes
  • Can't recall events prior to or after hit

Symptoms reported by athlete:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or fuzzy vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling sluggish
  • Feeling foggy or groggy
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Confusion

If you suspect a player has experienced a concussion, take the following steps:

  • Remove the athlete from play.
  • Ensure the athlete is evaluated by an appropriate healthcare professional; do not try to judge the seriousness of the injury yourself.
  • Inform the athlete's parents or guardians about the known or possible concussion.
  • Allow the athlete to return to play only with permission from an appropriate healthcare professional.