Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the function and care of the kidneys—the two all-important bean-shaped organs located in your lower back. Kidneys play an essential role in removing bodily wastes, balancing chemicals, controlling blood pressure and keeping bones healthy.

Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means your kidneys are damaged and can no longer filter blood as they should. This can cause waste to build up in your body and lead to other serious health concerns. Two-thirds of all cases of CKD are caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. Some infections, inherited diseases and injuries can also lead to kidney disease.

Treatment for chronic kidney disease may include medication to lower blood pressure, control blood glucose and lower blood cholesterol. If kidney disease leads to kidney failure, treatment options include dialysis, kidney removal or kidney transplant.

Advanced Kidney Care by Experienced Specialists

The kidney specialists affiliated with Portsmouth Regional Hospital provide comprehensive care for the prevention and treatment of chronic kidney disease. Services include:

If surgery is required due to kidney disease or renal cancer, we offer minimally invasive options to traditional surgery that result in less pain, faster healing and a quicker return to your regular activities. Our laparoscopic techniques use small incisions and a thin instrument containing a tiny video camera to locate and remove diseased tissue or the entire kidney. Our surgeons have extensive experience with minimally invasive surgery, so you can rest assured that your care is in expert hands.

Maintaining Your Kidney Health

Early detection and lifestyle changes can prevent kidney disease and kidney failure. To help keep your kidneys healthy:

  • Choose low-sodium foods.
  • Keep your blood pressure below 130/80.
  • If you're diabetic, keep your blood sucrose in the target range.

Learn more from the Kidney Disease Center at our online Health Library.